The chewing muscle, which is innervated by the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve (CN V). It originates from the lateral epicondyle of the humerus, crosses the back of the elbow joint on the same side, attaches to the lateral surface of the olecranon process and the adjacent surface of the ulna. The rupture of the anterolateral papillary muscle is less common than the posteromedial papillary muscle since the anterolateral muscle has dual blood supplies, while the posteromedial papillary muscle has a single blood supply. Nerve: musculocutaneous (C5-C6). Nerve: median (C8-T1). Action: flexes forearm. Action: laterally rotates arm. d. Some balls are not round. Tare. Action: rotates arytenoid cartilages for vocalizations. In mild cases, only a few muscle fibers are stretched or torn, and the muscle remains intact and strong. Origin: distal two-thirds of posterior tibia. Skeletal muscle got its name because it usually attaches at one end to bone. A muscle strain is an injury to a muscle or a tendon the fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bones. Tonic muscles are uncommon in humans and are found only in the extraocular muscles, stapedius muscle, and intrafusal fibers of the muscle spindles. Action: elevates testis in males. I'm Mickey, 21. It depresses the epiglottis. The lateral or the posterior cricoarytenoid -- laryngeal muscles. Which term is used to describe muscle pain? A muscle that constricts the pharynx; it is important for swallowing. Bulimia (bulimia nervosa) is an emotional and even psychological disorder in which people binge eat which is then followed by "purging". Insertion: greater tubercle of humerus. Muscle derived from mesodermal somites, including most skeletal muscle. Insertion: neck of stapes. Nerve: trochlear (CN IV). infarction makes the area of myocardium very irritable. The cause of eosinophilic fasciitis is unknown. Origin: genial tubercle on inside of mandibular symphysis. This is a retrospective study from Nationwide In Action: pulls eyebrows toward midline and downward. Muscles of the body wall support the internal organs. Nerve: hypoglossal (CN XII). Shoulder muscle. Action: flexes toes 2-5, plantarflexes foot. Origins: a wide tendon running along the iliac crest to the sacrum, the lower lumbar and sacral spinous processes. Extraocular muscle. Isolated tears of the brachialis muscle are rare and often take on the clinical appearance of other pathology, such as a distal biceps brachii tendon tear or an intramuscular tumor, thus making diagnosis especially difficult. Back muscle. No-- people with RV infarct are preload dependent so they rely on filling of the heart (don't want venodilation). A muscle tear or muscle rupture in the hand can impact a person's ability to perform normal activities of daily living or participate in sports. Thigh muscle. Insertion: tricuspid and mitral valve leaflets via chordae tendinae. Q. What is the term used to refer to rupture of a muscle? Nerve: lower scapular (C6-C7). A rare case of adductor longus muscle rupture . This group of muscles is found on the posterior thigh and flexes the knee. 1 Which term means the protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia quizlet? rupture of a muscle. Heat generation. Origin: completely surrounds eye, attaches to medial palpebral ligament (and adjacent bones) and lacrimal crest (and adjacent bones). This could be in forms of vomiting, taking laxatives, excessive exercising or even fasting. The clavicular head of the pectoralis major is normal. Action: empties bladder. Nerve: radial (C7-C8). A flat muscle with a broad origin and narrow insertion. Internal eye muscle. What muscle is found on the lateral aspect of the shoulder and elevates the arm? -supportive care with after load reduction (nitrates, ACEIs, aortic balloon pump). Action: adducts, flexes, and rotates thigh medially. Nerve: sciatic (L5-S2). Anatomy: A rupture can in principle occur to all muscles in the thigh, however, ruptures most often happen in the anterior muscle (M quadriceps femoris) which has the function of stretching the knee and flexing the hip. Thigh muscle. Insertions: extensor tendons of digits 2-5. Insertion: coronoid process, lower half of ramus, and angle of mandible. Action: flexes leg, rotates leg laterally, extends thigh. Neuromuscular junction, motor end-plate. If a small hole were put in the sphere, what would be the initial exhaust velocity of the exhausted steam if spewed out into a vacuum? They cover anatomy and approaches; glenohumeral instability; rotator cuff and biceps; sternoclavicular joint and clavicle fractures; humeral and scapular fractures; glenhumeral arthritis; They vary from the rupture of a few fibres, as in the pulled hamstring of the footballer, and the partial tear of the gastrocnemius or the tennis elbow to the more serious frank tendon and. Ruptures commonly occur when there is an unexpected force applied to the bicep muscle such as attempting to catch something or someone when they fall. Any of the muscles used in breathing, including the diaphragm, the muscles of the rib cage, and the abdominal muscles. Origin: upper outer edge of ilium and sacrum. Origins: arytenoid cartilage. The remainder of human skeletal muscle contains only twitch fibers. Action: stabilizes (abducts) thigh, extends and laterally rotates leg. Action: lowers jaw, widens neck. Insertion: ventral tongue, hyoid bone. Origin: lateral side of proximal tibia. Arm: biceps brachii, brachialis, coracobrachialis, and triceps muscles. Nerves: cervical spinal C4-C8. A type of tissue composed of contractile cells. Origin: medial epicondyle of humerus, coronoid process of ulna. Advertisement cookies are used to provide visitors with relevant ads and marketing campaigns. Nerve: tibial (S2-S3). Insertion: medial side of proximal tibia. Hand muscle. Muscles are responsible for locomotion and play an important part in performing vital body functions. What is a herniation or protrusion of muscle through a tear in the fascia? The supply of ATP comes from MITOCHONDRIA between the fibrils. Insertion: medial cuneiform bone, base of first metatarsal. Default blog caption. Nerve: trigeminal (CN V). Smooth muscle cells contract more slowly than skeletal or cardiac muscle cells. Origin: incisive fossa at front of mandible. The rupture can be located both in the front and the back as well as at the attachment to the upper arm (humerus). what are the electrical complications following a STEMI? Insertion: skin of eyebrows, root of nose. Mouth: buccinator, depressor anguli oris, depressor labii inferioris, levator anguli oris, levator labii superioris, mentalis, orbicularis oris, risorius, and zygomaticus muscle. Insertion: bicipital groove of humerus. Some filaments are retained in this pulled past position whilst others detach then reattach and repeat the pulling past action. The disorder occurs mainly in middle-aged men but may occur in women and children. Origin: pisiform bone of wrist. Nerve: facial (CN VII). The three-layered muscular wall of the urinary bladder. Nerve: facial (CN VII). should you use beta blockers immediately after an infarct? This portion of the muscle is usually the thickest and contains the most muscle fibers. Action: extends toes, dorsiflexes foot. protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia. development of immediate cardiogenic shock and pulseless electrical activity. 24 to 48 hours, but can develop beyond 48. what arrhythmia is common after an inferior STEMI? Action: adducts thumb, aides in opposition with digit 5. Extraocular muscle. what is the most common location & major cause of a left ventricular thrombus? Muscle Tear or Muscle Rupture Overview A muscle tear or muscle rupture in the hand can impact a person's ability to perform normal activities of daily living or participate in sports. A muscle in which the fibers converge from both sides to a central tendon. Origin: greater wing of sphenoid bone, lateral pterygoid plate. h. If soccer balls are round, then all balls are round. Nerve: axillary (C5-C6). Origin: inner roof of orbit. Action: opens mouth, protrudes mandible. Is it a Rupture or a Tear? Foot muscle. Action: extends toes. I have poor immunity that I get sick very often. Tongue muscle. Origin: tendinous ring around optic nerve at rear of orbit. LV dysfunction and heart failure what is the severity of LV dysfunction directly related to? The reporting odds ratio was 23.4 (95% CI 11.9, 46.0) and 14.6 (95% CI 12.3, 17.2), respectively. Origin: ischial tuberosity, linea aspera and second supracondylar ridge of femur. Insertion: ciliary process of lens. Compare the processes that reabsorb urea and uric acid. Origin: edges of sclera. Papillary muscle rupture (PMR) or chordae tendinae rupture (CTR) is a rare but lethal complication after ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Anatomy. Origin: posterior wall of middle ear. Shoulder muscle. Nerve: facial (CN VII). what is the treatment of acute mitral regurgitation? Abdominal wall muscle. Nerve: trigeminal (CN V). Action: laterally rotates thigh. What is causing it and how can I prevent it? Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like movement, motion, hernia, fibrous connective tissue and more. Action: flexes thigh. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like kinesi/o, -cele, fibr/o and more. Insertion: skin and tarsal plate of upper eyelid. Origin: cricoid cartilage. A muscle not under conscious control: smooth, cardiac, and some skeletal muscles. Action: tenses abdomen, flexes vertebral column. Origin: medial subscapular fossa. What is causing the plague in Thebes and how can it be fixed? Nerve, hand: median (C8-T1), ulnar (C8-T1). Action: flexes distal finger joints, aids in wrist flexion. Nerve: tibial (L4-L5). Insertion: distal end of radius. 3 Which of the following is a protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia? Most muscle strains happen for one of two reasons: either the muscle has been stretched beyond its limits or it has been forced to contract too strongly. Action: closes mouth, protrudes mouth, moves jaw sideways. Eyelid muscle. What is bulimia Nervosa? Origin: medial side of femur Insertion: common tendon of quadratus muscles, tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament. 2. Foot muscle. For every direct action made by a muscle, an antagonistic muscle can cause an opposite movement. Origin: dorsolateral surface of calcaneus. Action: plantarflexes foot. Herniation or protrusion of muscle. See: Neck muscle. In severe strains, the muscle, tendon, or both are partially or completely ruptured, resulting in serious injury. Getting straight to the point: A rupture and a tear are the same thing. Nose: depressor septi, nasalis, and procerus muscles. It flexes and adducts the thumb (brings it across the palm) and is controlled by the median nerve. Myorrhexis means the rupture of a muscle. This is the American ICD-10-CM version of M66.259 - other international versions of ICD-10 M66 . Anatomy of a skeletal muscle cell. Origin: outer surface of ribs 1-8. smooth muscle Which muscle moves the head and shoulder blade? Which term describes the protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath? Forearm, anterior: flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor digitorum profundus, flexor digitorum superficialis, flexor pollicis longus, and pronator quadratus muscles. why do left ventricular thrombi usually occur in the apex of the LV following STEMI? . Most ruptures in athletes are partial ruptures. Eye: orbicularis oculi. Action: flexes thumb. mortality Lower EF --> higher mortality rate patients who develop heart failure in early period benefit from what? From Dorland's, 2000. One of the skeletal muscles of the limbs. Nerve: median (C7-T1). However, you may visit "Cookie Settings" to provide a controlled consent. what can a papillary muscle rupture cause? Nerve: accessory (CN XI), spinal C3-C4. Action: flexes forearm. Nerve: oculomotor (CN III). Leg muscle. Quizlet . the term meaning abnormally decreased motor function or activity is. B(x): x is a ball; R(x): x is round; S(x): x is a soccer ball. Leg muscle. Action: tenses tympanic membrane, dampens excessive vibrations. Facial muscle. Action: tilts stapes, dampens excessive vibrations. A primary tissue, consisting predominantly of highly specialized contractile cells, which may be classified as skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, or smooth muscle; microscopically, the latter is lacking in transverse striations characteristic of the other two types; one of the contractile organs of the body by which movements of the various organs and parts are effected; typical muscle is a mass of musculus fibers (venter or belly), attached at each extremity, by means of a tendon, to a bone or other structure; the more proximal or more fixed attachment is called the, A primary tissue, consisting predominantly of highly specialized contractile cells, which may be classified as skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, or smooth muscle; microscopically, the latter is lacking in transverse striations characteristic of the other two types; one of the contractile organs of the body by which movements of the various organs and parts are effected; typical muscle is a mass of muscle fibers (venter or belly), attached at each extremity, by means of a tendon, to a bone or other structure; the more proximal or more fixed attachment is called the. An injured spleen can rupture soon after the abdominal trauma or, in some cases, days or weeks after the injury. Action: extends thigh, flexes and medially rotates leg. Action: flexes thigh and leg, laterally rotates thigh. Nerve: femoral (L2-L4). The majority of ruptures and strains in this area occur in the gastrocnemius muscle and, to a much lesser extent, in the plantaris muscle. Is not a function of the muscular How can a force that is half as strong produce twice as much work as a force that is constant in the direction of the displacement? Insertion: lateral side of middle of radius. Skeletal muscle is innervated by somatic (as opposed to autonomic) motor axons at a synaptic structure called a motor endplate, where acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter. The lateral or the medial pterygoid muscle. Copy. when/ how does a rupture of the LV free wall present? myolysis. b. Nerve: facial (CN VII). The abductor or flexor muscle of the thumb. Action: closes mouth, clenches teeth, retracts jaw. Thigh muscle. Insertion: upper part of greater trochanter of femur. Foot muscle. Origin: medial epicondyle of humerus, coronoid process of ulna. This type of injury is the result of a sudden body movement. Insertion: posterior edge of lateral clavicle, acromion, posterior edge of spine of scapula. what are the mechanisms of hemodynamic support used for cardiogenic shock? Nerve: perineal of spinal S4, pudendal. Rupture of the biceps tendon can occur proximally (at the shoulder) or distally (at the elbow). Origin: flexor retinaculum of wrist, scaphoid and trapezium bones. Neck and back muscle. The EOM are: the inferior and superior oblique muscles, and the lateral, medial, inferior, and superior rectus muscles. Superficial: latissimus dorsi and trapezius muscles. 33 Up to 50 percent of . Insertion: distal phalanges of fingers (digits 2-5). Tendons Sometimes the mechanism of injury can be trivial, with patients reporting they just lunged for the ball, or turned to run . abnormally decreased motor function or activity. Nerve: accessory (CN XI), spinal C2. Insertion: skin above middle of eyebrow. Hip and thigh muscle. Not all balls are soccer balls. Nerve: facial (CN VII). Action: lowers mandible and raises hyoid bone. Ultrasound. Nerve: femoral (L2-L3). Hand and foot muscles. Many muscle ruptures are preceded by tenderness in the muscle or muscle tendon. Smooth muscles are innervated by both sympathetic and parasympathetic autonomic motor axons; they are also stimulated by blood-borne molecules. Leg muscle. The rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus lateralis, and vastus medius muscles together. What benefit does an exoskeleton that is thick and strong have in an aquatic environment? through a tear in the fascia. The cookie is set by the GDPR Cookie Consent plugin and is used to store whether or not user has consented to the use of cookies. These cookies help provide information on metrics the number of visitors, bounce rate, traffic source, etc. Origins: transverse processes of vertebrae C1-C7. Origin: medial supraspinous fossa of scapula. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. Origin: front of pubis (below crest). Neck and facial muscle. how do you diagnose & treat a left ventricular thrombus? Nerve: facial (CN VII). Shoulder muscle. what are the types of complications following STEMI? Nerve: cranial nerve (CN VI). Any of six short muscles inside the larynx that move the vocal apparatus and (except for the cricothyroid muscle) are innervated by the recurrent laryngeal branch of the vagus nerve (CN X).